Hitoshi Kawano is Professor of Sociology at the Department of Public Policy, and Director of the Center for International Exchange at the National Defense Academy in Yokosuka, Japan. He received his PhD from Northwestern University in 1996. His research interests include military history, the sociology of combat and peacekeeping, mental health, family support, gender mainstreaming and diversity management issues within the defense forces, and civil-military relations in post-Cold War Japan. His publications include “Combat Leadership on Guadalcanal: In Extremis Leadership of the Japanese and American Soldiers in World War II” in Leadership in Extreme Situations, (M. Holenweger et al. eds. 2017).