Melvillean Parasites addresses an aspect of Herman Melville’s authorship largely overlooked by previous scholars: the abundance of narrators and characters in his writings in search of food—an aim they typically pursue through sponging off the people they encounter.
Deploying the conceptual figure of the parasite as its primary analytical tool, the book interprets how the dream of a free meal plays out and is given literary form in Typee (1846), “Bartleby, the Scrivener” (1853), “Jimmy Rose” (1855), and The Confidence-Man (1857). In so doing, Melvillean Parasites aims to explain how Melville’s engagement with ethico-political issues concerning nourishment, dependency upon others, hospitality, and responsibility toward strangers, evolved and changed over time. Compared to the tendency of dehumanizing the parasite found in many of his contemporaries, the book claims that what sets him apart, is his insight into the unavoidable parasitic tendencies of us all: Herman Melville—patron saint of the parasite.
Melvillean Parasites is intended for scholars, students, and general readers with an interest in the concept of the parasite, as well as Herman Melville’s authorship, American literature, and 19th century studies in general.
Gullestad’s very strong book stands as a novel and important contribution to Melville scholarship. In connecting questions raised by concepts such as friendship, relationality, welcoming, exploiting, and laboring into a single question – that of parasitism – it not only casts new light on how we understand those concepts, but also on what appears to be Melville’s own theory of the phenomenon of parasitism.
– Branka Arsić, Columbia University, author of Passive Constitutions or 7 1/2 Times Bartleby
Anders M. Gullestad er førsteamanuensis i nordisk litteratur ved Universitetet i Bergen, Institutt for lingvistiske, litterære og estetiske studier. Han har gitt ut boken Melvillean Parasites (2022), og er medforfatter av Dei litterære sjangrane: Ei innføring (2018). I tillegg har han publisert artikler i tidsskrift som Deleuze Studies, Political Concepts, Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies, Agora, Edda og Scandinavian Studies. Hans forskningsinteresser inkluderer politisk filosofi og økonomisk litteraturkritikk.